Joshua Tonies

"Hell is constructed of papier-mâché, and painted dark red. Everything in it is on fire – paper fire – and it is filled with the thick, dirty odor of grease. Hell is very badly done."
–Maxim Gorky, on a visit to Coney Island.

From the ancient Roman pleasure gardens, to the Luna park of Coney Island, our recreational spaces have provided centuries of immersion in special effects.

Using the visual languages of themed environments, scripted spaces and scientific simulations, my work is an investigation of the technical marvel, which control these illusionistic environments.